There is a lot of concern regarding hair fall after bariatric surgery. Normal hair growth is dependent upon a healthy, balanced diet and hair fall is a sign of micronutrient deficiency. Hair fall usually begins after 2-3 months of undergoing surgery and is a temporary phenomenon which can be corrected by taking a proper diet with the required supplements. Heathy hair growth needs proper intake of Vitamins A, B complex, C, E and biotin and micronutrients like iron, zinc and copper.Besides these, a daily intake of protein of 1 g/kg body weight is essential for the growth and maintenance of all body tissues.
Hair fall is a sign of deficiency of one, or usually more, of these essential nutrients. It is precipitated in people having a borderline nutritional status before surgery who fail to maintain the normal RDA of these nutrients postoperatively.
It is corrected by a balanced diet containing fresh green vegetables, salads, yellow fruits, milk, eggs, etc and capsules with multivitamin supplements. Rich sources of the required micronutrients are listed below-
1. Vitamin A - Sweet potatoes, Carrots, mangoes, lettuce, bell peppers, liver
The normal hair growth cycle takes around 3 months so these supplements are required for a minimum of this time frame. However, the diet modifications need to be continued and maintained life long to avoid having these problems in the future.